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Swab Testing

What is a PCR test?

RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) is a laboratory method used to make many copies of a specific genetic sequence for analysis. It uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptase to change a specific piece of RNA into a matching piece of DNA. This piece of DNA is then amplified (made in large numbers) by another enzyme called DNA polymerase. The amplified DNA copies help tell whether a specific mRNA molecule is being made by a gene. RT-PCR may be used to look for certain changes in a gene or chromosome or for activation of certain genes, which may help diagnose a disease, such as cancer. It may also be used to study the RNA of certain viruses, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the hepatitis C virus, to help diagnose and monitor infection. 

Having been around since 1983, RT-PCR  is the most sensitive technique for quantitative and mRNA detection currently available and is considered the “gold standard” for test results.

How does RT-PCR identify SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19?

To aid in the fight against COVID-19 transmission, the ATILA BioSystems© iAMP COVID-19 Detection Kit was developed to utilize the RT-PCR methodology in testing for the qualitative detection of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2 in upper and lower respiratory specimens (nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal swabs) collected from individuals suspected of COVID-19 by their healthcare provider, as well as upper respiratory specimens collected from any individual, including individuals without symptoms or other reasons to suspect COVID19.

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